Equality Denied

The Status of Women in Policing: 1998

In order to monitor the growth of women in law enforcement, the National Center for Women & Policing has completed its second annual study on the Status of Women in the largest law enforcement agencies in the country. The number of law enforcement agencies reporting in 1998 is significantly larger than in 1997 (a 66% increase in sample size) allowing for an even more comprehensive analysis of women's status in police ranks nationwide. This report examines the gains and gaps in the numbers of women in policing, and provides a picture of where women are in policing today. The report also presents the major barriers preventing women from increasing their numbers in law enforcement and lists the detrimental effects of the continued under-representation of women in police departments.

Since its inception in early 1995, the National Center for Women & Policing has been a leading force behind increasing the numbers of women in policing. The positive impact of women in policing, including the reduction of police brutality, the increased efficacy in police response to domestic violence, and the increased emphasis on conflict resolution over force, mandates that we strive for gender balance in policing.

Yet, our research shows that the increase of women in law enforcement remains stuck at an alarmingly slow rate. Women comprise only 13.8% of all sworn law enforcement positions nationwide-a paltry increase of one-half of one percent from 1997 and only 3.2 percentage points from 1990 when women made up 10.6% of officers. Moreover, as the number and percentage of law enforcement agencies reporting increased in this year's study, the percentage of agencies reporting no women in Top Command has increased from 20% to over 30% of all agencies.

The data are clear: at the present rate of growth, women cannot achieve equality in law enforcement agencies. Furthermore, the study shows that there has been progress only when women law enforcement officers and women's organizations have taken legal action to fight the discriminatory hiring and promotion practices and when court ordered consent decrees have forced agencies to increase the numbers of women or minorities hired and promoted.

  

KEY FINDINGS

 

BARRIERS TO WOMEN IN POLICING

Study after study concludes that the single largest barrier to increasing the numbers of women in policing is the attitudes and behavior of their male colleagues. Nationwide studies consistently find that discrimination and sexual harassment are pervasive in police departments and that supervisors and commanders not only tolerate such practices by others, but also are frequently perpetrators themselves. Hostile environments and systemic discrimination keep women from joining police agencies in more significant numbers and from promoting up the ranks to policy-making positions, thus perpetuating a style of policing which is outdated, ineffective, and enormously costly to communities.

BIASED ENTRY TESTS.

WIDESPREAD DISCRIMINATION ON THE JOB.

RECRUITMENT POLICIES THAT FAVOR MEN.

OUTDATED MODEL OF POLICING.

UNDER-REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN HURTS LAW ENFORCEMENT

ESCALATING COST OF POLICE BRUTALITY.

INEFFECTIVE RESPONSE TO DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

DAMAGED POLICE-COMMUNITY RELATIONS.

COSTLY SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND SEXUAL DISCRIMINATI0N LAWSUITS.

 

THE STATUS OF WOMEN IN POLICING: 1998: SURVEY FINDINGS

Over the last 27 years, women have increased their representation in sworn law enforcement positions to 13.8% in 1998, from a low of 2% in 1972. This 11.8 point percentage gain has been spread over the intervening years, averaging an annual rate of less than one-half of 1 percentage point per year. In 1978, women in the largest municipal agencies commanded 4.2% of the sworn law enforcement positions, up 2.2 points from 1972. Nearly ten years later, in 1988, that number had barely doubled to 8.8%, and it was not until 1990 that police agencies on average had reached a major benchmark, crossing into the double digits.

In 1998, the rate of increase remains glacial. From 1997 to 1998 women have increased their representation in policing from 13.3% to 13.8%, a mere gain of one-half of 1 percentage point. With very few exceptions, women remain underrepresented at every level of sworn law enforcement and are essentially absent from the decision-making ranks and positions of authority. Data from 1990 to 1998 demonstrate only a slight 3.2 percentage point increase (See Graph 1).

Graph 1

Source: NCWP Report 1997 and 1998. Source for 1990 and 1993 data: Bureau of Justice Statistics.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

 

Although women hold only 13.8% of the sworn law enforcement positions in agencies surveyed, they continue to hold the majority of lower-paid civilian jobs (See Graph 2).

Graph 2

Source: NCWP Report, 1998

______________________________________________________________________________________

Women comprise 50.2% of Management positions within civilian personnel, 54.1% of Supervisory positions, and 66.2% of Support Staff positions (See Graph 3).

Graph 3

Source: NCWP Report, 1998

______________________________________________________________________________________

 Not surprisingly, women's gains are concentrated in the lowest tier of sworn law enforcement positions. Women hold 14.7% of Line Operation positions. Their numbers rapidly decrease in the higher ranks. For example, women hold 9.6% of Supervisory posts and only 7.5% of Top Command positions (See Graph 4).

Graph 4

Source: NCWP Report, 1998.

____________________________________________________________________________________

Only eight law enforcement agencies report more than 20% women in Top Command, including Dayton Police, Travis County Sheriff, Pittsburgh Police, King County Department of Public Safety, Atlanta Police, Suffolk County Sheriff, Cook County Sheriff and Cambridge Police (See Table 1). Over 30% of agencies surveyed reported having no women in Top Command and approximately 70% reported having no women of color in Top Command.

Table 1

Top 10 Agencies with the Largest Percentage of Women in Top Command, 1998

Dayton Police

37.5%

Travis County Sheriff

36.4%

Pittsburgh Police

30.0%

King County Dept. of Pub. Safety

28.0%

Atlanta Police

26.1%

Suffolk County Sheriff

23.1%

Cook County Sheriff

22.2%

Cambridge Police

22.2%

Detroit Police

19.0%

Seattle Police

19.0%

Source: NCWP Report, 1998

In the majority of agencies, women of color in sworn law enforcement positions are vastly underrepresented. While women overall hold 13.8% of sworn law enforcement positions, women of color hold 6.0% of these jobs. Moreover, women of color are virtually absent from the highest ranks, holding a token 1.9% of the most coveted Top Command positions in law enforcement. In contrast, women of color hold 28.9% of the lower-paid civilian jobs (See Graph 5). Only one agency, Washington DC Metropolitan Police reported having at least 20% women of color in their sworn law enforcement ranks (See Table 2).

Graph 5

Source: NCWP Report, 1998. ______________________________________________________________________________________

 

Table 2

Top 10 Agencies with the Largest Percentage of Sworn Women Officers of Color, 1998

Washington DC Metro Police

22.5%

Detroit Police

18.2%

Cook County Sheriff

16.9%

Philadelphia Police

15.6%

Miami Police

15.0%

Miami-Dade Police

12.8%

Caddo Parish Sheriff

12.3%

Memphis Police

11.9%

Pittsburgh Police

10.4%

Palm Beach County Sheriff

10.1%

Source: NCWP Report, 1998

Comparisons between state and local law enforcement agencies also reveal sharp differences for women in policing. While municipal and county agencies tally more than 15.5% and 14.8% sworn women law enforcement officers, respectively, state agencies lag with an average of 6.5% (See Graph 6). Municipal agencies comprise the majority of those agencies having the largest percentage of sworn women officers, while eight of the ten agencies with the lowest percentage of sworn women law enforcement officers are state agencies (See Table 3 and 4). Women comprise less than 4% of the total sworn officers among these state law enforcement agencies.

Graph 6

Source: NCWP Report, 1998.

______________________________________________________________________________________

Table 3

Top 10 Agencies with the Largest Percentage of Sworn Women Officers, 1998

 

Madison Police

29.7%

Cook County Sheriff

26.2%

Pittsburgh Police

24.8%

Washington Metro Police

24.6%

Philadelphia Police

23.8%

Detroit Police

23.4%

Caddo Parish Sheriff

22.6%

Bexar County Sheriff

21.7%

Miami-Dade Police

21.5%

Tallahassee Police

20.8%

Source: NCWP Report, 1998.

Table 4

Bottom 10 Agencies with the Lowest Percentage of Sworn Women Officers, 1998

 

Missouri State Highway Patrol

3.5%

Utah Hwy Patrol

3.4%

Santa Ana Police

3.0%

Alabama Dept. of Public Safety

2.6%

Louisiana State Police

2.6%

South Carolina Highway Patrol

2.5%

Augusta Police

2.5%

West Virginia State Police

2.1%

Oklahoma Hwy Patrol

1.6%

North Carolina St. Hwy Patrol

1.4%

Source: NCWP Report, 1998

 Upon closer examination, one factor emerges as the primary cause for the higher percentages of women in the ranks of municipal police forces: eight of the top ten municipal agencies reporting the largest percentage of sworn women officers in 1998 are under or have been under consent decrees, requiring these agencies to hire women or minorities as a result of lawsuits originated by women officers and women's organizations (See Table 5). Moreover, since 1990 eight of the ten municipal agencies with the highest percentage increase in sworn women officers are under or have been under a consent decree to hire more women or minorities (See Table 6). Again, this reinforces the continued necessity of the legal system as a vehicle to win gender balance in law enforcement.

Table 5

Top 10 Municipal Agencies with the Largest Percentage

of Sworn Women Officers, 1998

 

Madison Police

29.7%

*Pittsburgh Police

24.8%

*Washington Metro Police

24.6%

*Philadelphia Police

23.8%

*Detroit Police

23.4%

Miami-Dade Police

21.5%

*Tallahassee Police

20.8%

*Toledo Police

20.7%

*Chicago Police

19.8%

*Buffalo Police

19.8%

*Agencies that are under or have been under consent decrees to hire more women or minorities.

Source: NCWP Report, 1998

Table 6

Top 10 Municipal Agencies with the Highest Percentage Increase in Sworn Women Officers: 1990-1998

 

Agency

% Increase

*Chicago Police

13.2%

*Bridgeport Police

11.2%

*Omaha Police

10.9%

*Philadelphia Police

9.1%

*Cincinnati Police

9.0%

*Little Rock Police

9.0%

Madison Police

8.1%

Lansing Police

7.2%

*Buffalo Police

6.9%

*Milwaukee Police

6.8%

*Agencies that are under of have been under consent decrees to hire more women or minorities.

Source: NCWP Report, 1998

  

Eight of the ten municipal agencies with the largest percentage of sworn women officers report having over 20% female officers. By contrast, only four of the top ten county agencies report having over 20% women sworn officers (See Table 7), and no state agency reported having over 14% women sworn officers (See Table 8).

Table 7

Top 10 County Departments with the Largest Percentage of Sworn Women Officers, 1998

 

Cook County Sheriff

26.2%

Caddo Parish Sheriff

22.6%

Bexar County Sheriff

21.7%

Seminole County Sheriff

20.2%

Dane County Sheriff

19.9%

Travis County Sheriff

19.0%

Santa Barbara County Sheriff

18.7%

Montgomery County Police

18.6%

Palm Beach County Sheriff

18.5%

San Diego County Sheriff

17.6%

Source: NCWP Report, 1998

Table 8

Top 10 State Law Enforcement Agencies with the Largest Percentage of Sworn Women Officers, 1998

 

Wisconsin State Police

13.8%

Michigan State Police

12.6%

Massachusetts State Police

10.0%

Illinois State Police

9.2%

Ohio State Hwy Patrol

9.0%

California Hwy Patrol

8.5%

Oregon State Police

8.1%

New York State Police

8.1%

Minnesota State Police

8.0%

Port Authority of NY/NJ

6.2%

Source: NCWP Report, 1998

Overall, women have made gains over the past 27 years but continue to increase in numbers at an alarmingly slow rate. Until law enforcement agencies enact policies and practices designed to recruit, retain and promote women, gender balance in policing will remain a distant reality.

 

Methodology

This study was conducted from July 1998 to January 1999. An initial mailing of a survey questionnaire was conducted in July 1998. Three hundred agencies representing the largest agencies in the country were surveyed; 176 responded with information. Additional information was collected by the National Center for Women & Policing staff through phone interviews with each department in the study. Comparison data for years 1990 and 1993 was obtained from the Bureau of Justice Statistics. The study includes 97 municipal agencies, 53 county departments and 26 state agencies. The size of the agencies included in the survey range from a high of 32,991 sworn officers to a low of 24. The mean is 1328.67 and the median is 620.5. It should be noted that the Los Angeles Police Department refused to provide information for the 1998 report after repeated written and telephone requests. For a complete ranking of all 176 police agencies from the highest to lowest percentage of sworn women law enforcement officers, see Table 9.

Table 9

Law Enforcement Agency Ranking from Largest to Smallest Percentage of Sworn Women Officers, 1998

Agencies

ST

Total Sworn Officers

Total Sworn Women Officers

% Sworn Women Officers

% Sworn Women in Top Command

% Sworn Women Supervisory

% Sworn Women Line Operations

% Sworn Women of Color

1

Madison Police

WI

360

107

29.7%

9.1%

19.2%

32.3%

3.1%

2

Cook County Sheriff

IL

5556

1457

26.2%

22.2%

22.7%

26.6%

16.9%

3

Pittsburgh Police

PA

1107

275

24.8%

30.0%

26.5%

24.5%

10.4%

4

Washington Metro Police

DC

3476

856

24.6%

15.4%

22.8%

25.2%

22.5%

5

Philadelphia Police

PA

6900

1641

23.8%

6.8%

9.8%

26.4%

15.6%

6

Detroit Police

MI

3965

928

23.4%

19.0%

23.9%

23.4%

18.2%

7

Caddo Parish Sheriff

LA

399

90

22.6%

9.1%

18.2%

23.9%

12.3%

8

Bexar County Sheriff

TX

1296

281

21.7%

5.3%

15.5%

22.6%

9.9%

9

Miami-Dade Police

FL

2983

640

21.5%

16.9%

17.9%

22.6%

12.8%

10

Tallahassee Police

FL

322

67

20.8%

0.0%

23.2%

20.9%

4.3%

11

Toledo Police

OH

691

143

20.7%

11.1%

12.5%

22.9%

8.0%

12

Seminole County Sheriff

FL

425

86

20.2%

15.4%

12.3%

21.9%

7.5%

13

Dane County Sheriff

WI

346

69

19.9%

0.0%

15.8%

20.7%

0.9%

14

Chicago Police

IL

13047

2585

19.8%

4.6%

13.7%

20.6%

9.7%

15

Buffalo Police

NY

934

185

19.8%

4.8%

12.1%

21.9%

7.0%

16

Cincinnati Police

OH

979

187

19.1%

8.7%

11.4%

21.4%

5.5%

17

Omaha Police

NE

677

129

19.1%

14.3%

11.0%

21.1%

2.5%

18

Travis County Sheriff

TX

819

156

19.0%

36.4%

27.7%

17.6%

7.2%

19

Orlando Police

FL

637

119

18.7%

7.1%

19.0%

18.9%

6.1%

20

Santa Barbara County Sheriff

CA

423

79

18.7%

8.3%

13.6%

20.3%

4.5%

21

Montgomery County Police

MD

1014

189

18.6%

6.7%

9.7%

20.2%

3.1%

22

Miami Police

FL

1081

201

18.6%

8.3%

13.1%

20.0%

15.0%

23

Palm Beach County Sheriff

FL

1609

298

18.5%

8.3%

14.2%

19.5%

10.1%

24

San Diego County Sheriff

CA

2013

355

17.6%

12.9%

17.2%

17.8%

6.2%

25

King County Dept. of Public Safety

WA

608

103

16.9%

28.0%

17.5%

16.3%

3.1%

26

Portland Police

OR

1038

175

16.9%

11.1%

16.2%

17.2%

1.4%

27

Arlington County Police

VA

345

58

16.8%

7.7%

25.0%

15.7%

4.3%

28

Memphis Police

TN

1582

265

16.8%

4.8%

16.3%

17.5%

11.9%

29

Little Rock Police

AK

569

95

16.7%

8.3%

6.6%

18.9%

4.7%

30

Manatee County Sheriff

FL

529

87

16.4%

12.5%

8.0%

18.6%

4.5%

31

St. Lucie County Sheriff

FL

347

57

16.4%

10.0%

8.6%

18.3%

6.3%

32

Lansing Police

MI

263

43

16.3%

12.5%

18.4%

16.0%

4.2%

33

Martin County Sheriff

FL

370

60

16.2%

0.0%

11.1%

18.1%

1.4%

34

Tampa Police

FL

916

147

16.0%

18.2%

17.0%

15.9%

5.2%

35

Fort Worth Police

TX

1201

192

16.0%

16.7%

7.7%

17.3%

3.8%

36

Cleveland Police

OH

1830

291

15.9%

5.1%

16.1%

16.1%

8.4%

37

Louisville Police

KY

708

112

15.8%

16.7%

6.1%

17.4%

3.7%

38

Monterey County Sheriff

CA

336

53

15.8%

0.0%

12.0%

16.7%

6.3%

39

Pierce County Sheriff

WA

561

88

15.7%

15.4%

11.1%

16.5%

3.6%

40

Milwaukee Police

WI

2045

315

15.4%

10.8%

8.1%

16.6%

4.6%

41

Kent County

MI

368

56

15.2%

14.3%

8.0%

16.4%

3.0%

Agencies

ST

Total Sworn Officers

Total Sworn Women Officers

% Sworn Women Officers

% Sworn Women in Top Command

% Sworn Women Supervisory

% Sworn Women Line Operations

% Sworn Women of Color

42

New York City Police

NY

37991

5751

15.1%

4.3%

9.0%

16.6%

8.5%

43

Columbia Police

SC

311

47

15.1%

0.0%

14.3%

15.7%

9.0%

44

Arapohoe County Sheriff

CO

358

54

15.1%

0.0%

6.8%

17.1%

2.2%

45

Indianapolis Police

IN

1008

152

15.1%

7.4%

11.8%

16.4%

4.1%

46

San Francisco Police

CA

2185

325

14.9%

10.8%

13.6%

15.2%

5.8%

47

Minneapolis Police

MN

918

136

14.8%

18.2%

17.7%

13.4%

1.7%

48

Pima County Sheriff

AZ

387

57

14.7%

16.7%

11.1%

15.4%

2.8%

49

Charlotte Police

NC

1442

209

14.5%

11.9%

14.0%

14.6%

3.3%

50

Harris County Sheriff

TX

2541

368

14.5%

12.9%

8.6%

15.1%

5.9%

51

Tulsa Police

OK

785

113

14.4%

8.6%

2.6%

16.0%

3.4%

52

San Diego Police

CA

2046

293

14.3%

16.0%

12.4%

37.1%

3.6%

53

Baltimore Police

MD

3091

442

14.3%

8.7%

7.9%

15.6%

9.8%

54

Atlanta Police

GA

1444

205

14.2%

26.1%

N/A

N/A

N/A

55

Los Angeles County Sheriff

CA

8163

1156

14.2%

9.9%

10.9%

14.8%

7.1%

56

Seattle Police

WA

1199

169

14.1%

19.0%

10.3%

14.7%

2.5%

57

Jefferson County Sheriff

AL

492

69

14.0%

8.3%

14.9%

14.0%

7.3%

58

Arlington Police

TX

478

67

14.0%

0.0%

7.1%

15.8%

4.2%

59

Suffolk County Sheriff

NY

829

115

13.9%

23.1%

12.0%

14.0%

1.3%

60

Savannah Police

GA

398

55

13.8%

18.2%

7.6%

15.0%

6.5%

61

Orange County Sheriff

FL

1117

154

13.8%

10.0%

12.9%

14.1%

2.1%

62

Wisconsin State Patrol

WI

501

69

13.8%

8.3%

16.4%

13.5%

1.2%

63

Pompano Beach Police

FL

248

34

13.7%

0.0%

8.3%

14.9%

2.4%

64

St. Paul Police

MN

575

78

13.6%

14.3%

9.8%

15.1%

1.2%

65

Cambridge Police

MA

254

34

13.4%

22.2%

2.2%

15.6%

5.9%

66

Dayton Police

OH

513

68

13.3%

37.5%

8.2%

14.0%

2.1%

67

Columbus Police

OH

1731

229

13.2%

4.3%

7.9%

14.3%

3.6%

68

Macon Police

GA

266

35

13.2%

7.1%

13.1%

13.6%

5.6%

69

Baton Rouge Police

LA

601

79

13.1%

3.8%

20.5%

10.6%

4.3%

70

St. Louis Metro. Police Dept.

MO

1597

209

13.1%

8.3%

5.3%

14.9%

5.1%

71

Colorado Springs Police

CO

529

69

13.0%

0.0%

7.6%

14.3%

1.7%

72

Baltimore County Police

MD

1635

213

13.0%

8.1%

5.5%

14.3%

1.8%

73

St. Petersburg Police

FL

510

66

12.9%

11.1%

15.3%

12.7%

3.5%

74

Ventura County Sheriff

CA

742

96

12.9%

6.1%

5.1%

14.8%

3.5%

75

Jefferson County Police

KY

450

57

12.7%

11.8%

6.9%

13.9%

4.0%

76

Alameda County Sheriff

CA

807

102

12.6%

14.3%

11.8%

12.8%

5.1%

77

Greensboro Police

NC

451

57

12.6%

5.6%

13.3%

12.8%

2.7%

78

Durham Police

NC

372

47

12.6%

16.7%

8.7%

13.0%

5.6%

79

Michigan State Police

MI

2087

262

12.6%

7.7%

9.6%

13.6%

1.0%

80

Tacoma Police

WA

394

49

12.4%

5.3%

7.0%

13.8%

N/A

81

Contra Costa County Sheriff

CA

630

78

12.4%

11.1%

7.6%

13.5%

3.8%

82

Sarasota Police Department

FL

189

23

12.2%

0.0%

14.7%

12.2%

2.6%

83

Richmond City Police

VA

708

86

12.1%

11.8%

13.9%

11.8%

5.9%

84

Knoxville Police

TN

370

44

11.9%

0.0%

14.1%

11.7%

1.1%

85

Houston Police

TX

5460

649

11.9%

4.3%

7.8%

13.1%

6.0%

86

Winston-Salem Police

NC

440

52

11.8%

16.7%

14.1%

11.2%

2.5%

87

Oakland County Sheriffs

MI

633

73

11.5%

0.0%

3.3%

13.1%

2.7%

Agencies

ST

Total Sworn Officers

Total Sworn Women Officers

% Sworn Women Officers

% Sworn Women in Top Command

% Sworn Women Supervisory

% Sworn Women Line Operations

% Sworn Women of Color

88

Columbus Police

GA

389

44

11.3%

0.0%

7.7%

12.8%

5.4%

89

Oklahoma City Police

OK

977

110

11.3%

8.6%

11.6%

10.2%

2.1%

90

Bridgeport Police

CT

419

47

11.2%

0.0%

8.6%

12.3%

7.2%

91

Albuquerque Police

NM

893

100

11.2%

16.7%

10.6%

11.2%

4.8%

92

Riverside County Sheriff

CA

1165

130

11.2%

10.3%

4.9%

12.6%

2.4%

93

Virginia Beach Police

VA

696

77

11.1%

7.1%

5.4%

12.0%

1.1%

94

Denver Police

CO

1377

150

10.9%

9.7%

11.4%

10.8%

4.4%

95

Yonkers Police

NY

560

61

10.9%

0.0%

4.2%

12.8%

2.1%

96

Phoenix Police

AZ

2739

293

10.7%

11.4%

8.5%

11.1%

2.2%

97

Santa Clara County Sheriff

CA

496

53

10.7%

9.1%

5.6%

11.6%

2.4%

98

Hialeah Police

FL

313

33

10.5%

0.0%

14.3%

9.8%

4.8%

99

Aurora Police

CO

494

52

10.5%

0.0%

2.7%

12.2%

0.8%

100

Lexington-Fayette County Police

KY

456

48

10.5%

11.8%

6.0%

11.3%

0.7%

101

Long Beach Police

CA

916

95

10.4%

0.0%

5.6%

12.1%

3.4%

102

Fairfax County Police

VA

1064

109

10.2%

10.7%

11.8%

10.0%

0.8%

103

Mesa Police

AZ

662

67

10.1%

14.3%

7.4%

10.6%

1.1%

104

Jacksonville Sheriff's Office

FL

1473

149

10.1%

6.7%

4.0%

11.2%

2.9%

105

Anne Arundel County Police

MD

626

63

10.1%

0.0%

4.8%

11.4%

1.1%

106

Massachusetts State Police

MA

2221

222

10.0%

2.3%

5.2%

11.8%

0.8%

107

Fort Wayne Police

IN

381

38

10.0%

14.3%

3.0%

11.3%

2.9%

108

Onandaga County Sheriff

NY

536

53

9.9%

0.0%

10.3%

10.2%

2.6%

109

Fort Lauderdale Police

FL

487

48

9.9%

13.0%

7.9%

10.0%

1.6%

110

Miami Beach Police

FL

348

34

9.8%

5.6%

10.8%

9.8%

N/A

111

Stockton Police Department

CA

369

36

9.8%

0.0%

3.2%

11.4%

2.4%

112

Oakland Police

CA

643

61

9.5%

15.4%

5.7%

10.4%

5.8%

113

Riverside Police

CA

330

31

9.4%

0.0%

4.3%

10.5%

0.9%

114

Norfolk Police

VA

715

67

9.4%

6.3%

8.9%

9.6%

2.0%

115

Rochester Police

NY

694

65

9.4%

5.0%

8.9%

9.6%

3.9%

116

Hollywood Police

FL

332

31

9.3%

0.0%

4.1%

10.5%

2.4%

117

Broward County Sheriff

FL

847

78

9.2%

6.3%

7.7%

9.6%

1.5%

118

Honolulu Police

HI

1836

169

9.2%

5.5%

4.5%

10.5%

4.4%

119

Illinois State Police

IL

2014

185

9.2%

11.1%

9.0%

9.2%

1.0%

120

Nassau County Police

NY

3060

277

9.1%

4.2%

4.5%

9.9%

1.4%

121

Ohio State Hwy Patrol

OH

1415

128

9.0%

0.0%

5.1%

10.9%

0.4%

122

El Paso Police

TX

987

88

8.9%

0.0%

7.6%

9.3%

2.2%

123

St. Louis County Police

MO

655

58

8.9%

0.0%

5.3%

9.7%

1.2%

124

Stamford Police

CT

308

27

8.8%

0.0%

4.8%

10.3%

N/A

125

Nashville Metro Police

TN

1256

110

8.8%

16.1%

11.1%

8.0%

1.6%

126

Des Moines Police

IA

358

31

8.7%

0.0%

7.6%

9.3%

0.6%

127

Kern County Sheriff

CA

486

42

8.6%

4.3%

8.5%

9.9%

1.0%

128

Fresno County Sheriff

CA

383

33

8.6%

0.0%

13.1%

7.9%

1.0%

129

Mobile Police

AL

504

43

8.5%

0.0%

5.6%

9.5%

4.6%

130

California Hwy Patrol

CA

6454

549

8.5%

3.2%

7.2%

8.9%

1.7%

131

San Bernardino Police

CA

279

23

8.2%

0.0%

3.9%

9.4%

2.2%

132

Montgomery Police

AL

453

37

8.2%

18.8%

10.2%

7.1%

3.5%

133

Oregon State Police

OR

879

71

8.1%

0.0%

1.7%

10.1%

0.7%

Agencies

ST

Total Sworn Officers

Total Sworn Women Officers

% Sworn Women Officers

% Sworn Women in Top Command

% Sworn Women Supervisory

% Sworn Women Line Operations

% Sworn Women of Color

134

New York State Police

NY

3975

321

8.1%

3.7%

6.2%

8.6%

0.6%

135

Mobile County Sheriff

AL

150

12

8.0%

0.0%

2.6%

10.3%

2.0%

136

Minnesota State Police

MN

502

40

8.0%

3.8%

10.1%

7.8%

0.0%

137

Volusia County Sheriff

FL

391

31

7.9%

0.0%

5.2%

8.8%

1.0%

138

Maui County Police

HI

317

25

7.9%

0.0%

6.3%

8.8%

2.8%

139

Brevard County Sheriff

FL

347

27

7.8%

0.0%

3.4%

8.9%

1.2%

140

Cobb County Police

GA

465

35

7.5%

5.6%

5.6%

8.0%

0.4%

141

Corpus Christi Police

TX

417

31

7.4%

3.7%

9.4%

7.5%

2.4%

142

Maricopa County Sheriff

AZ

544

40

7.4%

5.0%

3.3%

8.3%

1.3%

143

Kansas City Police

KS

382

28

7.3%

8.3%

3.6%

8.0%

1.8%

144

Reno Police

NV

318

23

7.2%

0.0%

1.9%

8.5%

1.3%

145

Wichita Police

KS

599

43

7.2%

6.7%

3.3%

7.9%

1.2%

146

Chesterfield County Police

VA

432

30

6.9%

8.3%

3.7%

7.4%

0.5%

147

Hamilton Police

OH

116

8

6.9%

0.0%

0.0%

8.3%

0.0%

148

Rapid City Police

SD

94

6

6.4%

0.0%

0.0%

8.0%

0.0%

149

Port Authority of NY/NJ

NJ

1238

77

6.2%

4.3%

6.4%

6.2%

3.3%

150

San Antonio Police

TX

1867

116

6.2%

8.0%

7.2%

6.0%

3.6%

151

Washington State Patrol

WA

1015

61

6.0%

4.3%

4.1%

6.4%

0.3%

152

Worcester Police

MA

477

27

5.7%

0.0%

3.7%

6.3%

0.8%

153

Huntsville Police

AL

338

19

5.6%

0.0%

5.0%

5.9%

0.9%

154

Henrico County Police

VA

479

25

5.2%

8.3%

2.7%

5.6%

0.8%

155

Texas Dept. of Public Safety

TX

2870

148

5.2%

N/A

N/A

N/A

2.5%

156

Hawaii County Police

HI

358

18

5.0%

0.0%

2.3%

5.7%

3.9%

157

Indiana State Police

IN

1281

63

4.9%

2.9%

4.9%

5.0%

0.4%

158

Arkansas State Police

AK

592

29

4.9%

0.0%

3.7%

5.3%

0.7%

159

Colorado State Patrol

CO

585

28

4.8%

2.1%

2.9%

5.3%

0.9%

160

Nebraska State Patrol

NE

481

21

4.4%

0.0%

5.3%

4.2%

0.0%

161

Concord Police

NH

93

4

4.3%

0.0%

0.0%

5.3%

0.0%

162

San Jacinto Police Dept.

CA

24

1

4.2%

0.0%

0.0%

5.6%

0.0%

163

Pennsylvania State Police

PA

4100

163

4.0%

4.6%

5.8%

3.8%

0.9%

164

Erie County Sheriff

NY

181

7

3.9%

0.0%

5.6%

3.9%

0.6%

165

Trenton Police

NJ

378

14

3.7%

0.0%

3.0%

4.0%

1.9%

166

Virginia State Police

VA

1733

64

3.7%

0.0%

3.4%

3.8%

0.6%

167

Missouri State Highway Patrol

MO

1107

39

3.5%

0.0%

1.6%

4.5%

0.4%

168

Utah Hwy Patrol

UT

411

14

3.4%

0.0%

1.2%

4.0%

0.2%

169

Santa Ana Police

CA

362

11

3.0%

0.0%

3.2%

3.0%

1.1%

170

Alabama Dept. of Public Safety

AL

726

19

2.6%

5.9%

2.4%

2.5%

1.0%

171

Louisiana State Police

LA

958

25

2.6%

3.2%

0.4%

3.3%

0.4%

172

South Carolina Highway Patrol

SC

907

23

2.5%

0.0%

0.0%

3.0%

0.7%

173

Augusta Police

ME

40

1

2.5%

0.0%

0.0%

3.6%

0.0%

174

West Virginia State Police

WV

615

13

2.1%

0.0%

1.9%

2.3%

0.0%

175

Oklahoma Hwy Patrol

OK

760

12

1.6%

0.0%

1.6%

1.6%

0.1%

176

North Carolina State Hwy Patrol

NK

1325

19

1.4%

0.0%

0.0%

1.6%

0.2%

Total 233846 32192 13.8% 7.5% 9.6% 14.7% 6.0%

_______________________________________________________________________________________

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